What kind of soil do you need to grow blueberries?
Because blueberries have a shallow root system, only the top 6-12"
of soil need to be prepared. If you have been successful growing
azaleas or rhododendrons, prepare the soil the same way. For maximum
fruit production, choose a well-drained area. Blueberries will not
tolerate wet conditions, however, since they are shallow rooted; it
is possible to grow plants in normally wet areas if the growing
medium is well mounded. After the plant site has been selected,
place a minimum of 1/2 bushel of composted material on top. Peat
moss is ideal; however, any good compost that has been subject to
decomposition, such as leaves, bark or sawdust will suffice. Work
mulch into the top 8" of soil within a 2' diameter for each plant.
How far apart should I space them?
Blueberry plants can be spaced an average of 3 to 6 feet in rows; 3
foot spacing will give a high density planting and form a hedge
quickly; 5 to 6 feet is the normal distance between plants.
Blueberry plants may also be grouped, separated as singles, or
planted with almost any landscape configuration.
Commonly Used Statistics for Commercial Planting
5 by 10 feet= 870 plants per acre
4 by 10 feet= 1090 plants per acre
3 by 10 feet= 1450 plants per acre
Place plants in the center of the prepared area and fan out the
roots in all directions. While holding the trunk upright, rake 3 to
4 inches of soil mixture back over the roots and step on to pack.
Wet the soil sufficiently as desired relative to conditions.
What about pollination?
is recommended that two or more varieties of blueberries be planted
together to assure higher yields and better quality fruit. For
commercial plantings, other specifications may be followed. Whereas
cross-pollination will help increase production, the actual yield
will also be partially dependent upon size and vigor of the plant.